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Notícias Internacionais / 12/05/2021


In South Sudan, President Salva Kiir dissolves Parliament

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In South Sudan, President Salva Kiir dissolves Parliament

The president of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, dissolved the country's parliament last Saturday (8), confirmed the Kenyan newspaper "Nation". According to Kiir, the decision should pave the way for the appointment of opposition lawmakers, but the president did not say when the legislature would return to work.

The call for parliamentarians opposite sides is based on the South Sudanese peace agreement signed in 2018 after five civil wars. At the time, Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar, the opposition leader, agreed to dissolve Parliament and inaugurate a new assembly of 550 lawmakers - 332 the president's party.

The opposition has been waiting for the dismemberment since then and has already complained about the delay in implementing the agreement. The feeling now, however, gathers a mixture of expectation and mistrust.

"Society is already frustrated and no longer believes that parliament will be viable, even after it has been reconstituted," reported South Sudan Civil Society President Jame Kolock. In the new formation, parliamentarians will not be elected, but appointed by the parties.

The coalition government was not formed until February 2020, after almost a year of delay. Even so, few truce clauses work in practice and analysts are already warning of a return to war.

The closure of Parliament occurred on the eve of the visit of the US special envoy to the country, Donald Booth, to the capital Juba. Washington was the main facilitator of the country's independence in 2011, and provided diplomatic support and humanitarian aid to the country.

In April, the US State Department warned of continued violence and worsening humanitarian conditions amid the slow implementation of the agreement - after the conflicts that killed 380,000 people and forced the displacement of another four million.

The South Sudanese War

Rich in oil, South Sudan remains hostage to maladministration and, despite the peace agreement, inter-ethnic conflicts continue - most often caused by the theft of animals in the countryside. The clashes left more than a thousand dead in the last half of 2020 alone.

Conflicts between ethnic communities are at the heart of South Sudan's civil war, points out the think tank Council of Foreign Relations. The dispute started in December 2013, after a political struggle between Kiir and Machar, which ended in the removal of the vice president.

The clash spilled over into the South Sudanese army and the country's two largest ethnic groups: Dinka soldiers, aligned with Kiir, turned against Nuer soldiers, who supported Machar, and the violence quickly spread across the newly independent territory.

The destruction left by the groups prevented small farmers planting, which caused a severe shortage of food across the country. In 2014 and 2018, the UN Security Council (United Nations) classified the food crisis in South Sudan as the most serious in the world.

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